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  Pragmatic Principles published in the Public Group ( 33 principles )

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Author Last Update
Build on student ideas Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Open Ended Construction Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 February 24, 2005
Communicate the rich diversity of inquiry Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 March 6, 2007
Connect to personally relevant contexts Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
5 0 December 13, 2007
Create a clear and engaging flow of activities Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools
Editorial Board
0 0 September 27, 2005
Create a cognitive conflict Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Collaboration tools,
Other
Kali
Yael
0 0 January 2, 2007
Design prompts for planning and monitoring Promote Autonomous Life Long Learning Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Other
Linn, Davis, Bell
0 0 October 30, 2002
Employ multiple social activity structures Help Students Learn from Each Other Communication Tools,
Support for Problem solving,
Inquiry Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
3 0 January 9, 2008
Enable manipulation of factors in models and simulation Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Support for Problem solving
Editorial Board
2 0 April 30, 2006
Enable multiple ways to participate in online discussions Help Students Learn from Each Other Communication Tools,
Open Ended Construction Tools,
Other
Editorial Board
1 0 July 31, 2008
Enable students to relate between micro and macro levels of pheno... Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Other,
Inquiry Tools
Ronen-Levy-Kali
0 0 February 28, 2005
Enable virtual navigation for exploring complex physical systems Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Open Ended Construction Tools
Kali
Yael
2 0 July 3, 2005
Encourage learners to learn from others Help Students Learn from Each Other Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Communication Tools,
Other
Linn, Davis, Bell
7 0 October 14, 2008
Encourage reflection Promote Autonomous Life Long Learning Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Other
Linn, Davis, Bell
3 0 April 30, 2006
Engage learners as critics Promote Autonomous Life Long Learning Communication Tools,
Offline Supports,
Evaluation Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
5 0 January 9, 2005
Engage learners in complex projects Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Ubiquitous computing tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 January 9, 2008
Engage learners in instruction of their peers Help Students Learn from Each Other Collaboration tools,
Other,
Open Ended Construction Tools
Editorial Board
3 0 December 13, 2007
Establish a generalized inquiry process Promote Autonomous Life Long Learning Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Other
Linn, Davis, Bell
1 0 January 9, 2005
Integrate online with offline activities Help Students Learn from Each Other Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Offline Supports,
Other
Editorial Board
4 0 March 6, 2007
Involve students in evaluation processes Help Students Learn from Each Other Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools,
Other
Kali
Yael
7 0 February 9, 2006
Model scientific thinking Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Support for Problem solving
Linn, Davis, Bell
3 0 April 29, 2006
Promote productive interactions Help Students Learn from Each Other Communication Tools,
Inquiry Tools,
Visualization Tools (2D+3D)
Linn, Davis, Bell
4 0 December 25, 2007
Provide dynamic visual aids for the perception of 3D phenomena Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Educational Games
Kali
Yael
2 0 January 13, 2005
Provide knowledge representation and organization tools Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Ubiquitous computing tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 January 9, 2008
Provide students with templates to help reasoning Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools
Kolodner
Janet
4 0 March 6, 2007
Provide teachers with supports for adaptation Make Contents Accessible Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools,
Visualization Tools (2D+3D)
Linn, Davis, Bell
4 0 January 9, 2008
Provide teachers with supports for real-time adaptation Promote Autonomous Life Long Learning Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Evaluation Tools,
Other
Editorial Board
1 0 March 6, 2007
Reduce visual complexity to help learners recognize salient infor... Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Ubiquitous computing tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
11 0 December 25, 2007
Reuse student artifacts as resource for learning Make Contents Accessible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Collaboration tools
Editorial Board
1 0 January 9, 2008
Scaffold the development of classroom norms Help Students Learn from Each Other Communication Tools,
Open Ended Construction Tools,
Other
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 February 27, 2005
Scaffold the process of generating explanations Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Communication Tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
1 0 October 12, 2008
Support student initiated modeling of complex science Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Ubiquitous computing tools
Linn, Davis, Bell
2 0 January 13, 2005
Use multiple representations Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Educational Games
Linn, Davis, Bell
3 0 May 7, 2008
Visual representation of data collected by students Make Thinking Visible Visualization Tools (2D+3D),
Inquiry Tools,
Evaluation Tools
Owen
Ariel
3 0 September 12, 2006